PIONEER Unlocking the power of neoantigens in the fight against cancer
Neoantigens are tumor-specific targets that arise from mutations that tumor cells gain during their evolution. PIONEER is able to accurately and efficiently identify a patient's neoantigen targets in a personalized manner. Using proprietary computational AI models developed at Evaxion, PIONEER has been developed to select the neoantigens that are most likely to generate a strong T-cell response and anti-tumor effect in each patient. The goal of our PIONEER-derived immunotherapies is to deliver therapeutic neoepitopes to patients in a way that trains patients’ own immune systems to specifically target and kill tumor cells with no or very limited adverse effects on healthy non-cancer cells.
Designing personalized cancer immunotherapies
that transform patients' quality of life.
How we do it
Mutation and expression: Once biopsies have been performed, PIONEER identifies cancer-specific mutations by comparing DNA sequencing data from the tumor sample(s) and normal tissue sample using our proprietary AI-based somatic variant caller. Then, the expression levels of the genes found within the mutation are determined by analyzing tumor RNA sequencing data. PIONEER also calculates the mutation-specific expression levels using an in-house developed computational model.
Translation: PIONEER determines the effects of each cancer-specific mutation, as not all mutations result in altered protein sequences. Once non-synonymous mutations (where both the DNA sequence and the encoded amino acid are altered) are identified, the surrounding coding regions are translated into amino acid sequences, generating cancer-specific neoantigen sequences.
Personalized cancer immunotherapy: The identified neoantigens are put into our proprietary AI-based tool along with the patient’s HLA type, to identify the neoantigens that will be presented on the patient’s MHC molecules. PIONEER also predicts the likelihood of these neoantigens eliciting a T-cell response, which will trigger an immune response and tumor cell death. Additionally, for patients where DNA sequencing data from multiple tumor biopsies is available, PIONEER seamlessly integrates the data from each biopsy to target tumor-defining neoantigens. This means that, even though tumors continuously acquire novel mutations and do not necessarily encode and express the same neoantigens, PIONEER allows for the systematic eradication of the whole tumor as well as potential metastases in the patient.
Neoantigen administration: The selected neoantigens are manufactured and administered alongside standard-of-care, producing an anti-tumor effect in the patient.
Key advantages of PIONEER
- PIONEER is able to identify therapeutic neoantigens that drive a T-cell response with higher accuracy compared to predictions done by state-of-the-art public tools. Clinical interim data from the Phase 1/2a trial of EVX-01 demonstrated induction of neoantigen-specific T-cells in 100% of patients with an overall response rate of 67% compared with a historical overall response rate of 33-40% with anti-PD-1 treatment alone.
- PIONEER identifies multiple neoantigens that can be incorporated in the immunotherapy to increase therapeutic effect and overcome issues related to cancer clonal heterogenicity and tumor immune escape.
- PIONEER is clinically applicable, automated and deployable anywhere in the world. It has been through a process of validation according to the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology's (ISPE) latest revised guide for Good Manufacturing Practice, or GAMP5, to ensure compliance with legislation and good practice regulations to maintain a high standard of quality.
Current Product Candidates
EVX-01 is a peptide-based cancer therapy intended for the first-line treatment of a variety of metastatic and unresectable melanoma that has shown promising results in clinical studies, with patients benefitting - and even recovering - after receiving the therapy.
EVX-02 is a novel, DNA-based cancer immunotherapy designed to induce a therapeutic immune response in the adjuvant setting in patients with Stage III and IV resected melanoma.
EVX-03 is an innovative, DNA-based neoantigen immunotherapy with an antigen-presenting cell (APC) targeting unit, intended for the treatment of advanced solid cancer.
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